Dental Implants

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Why do people need dental implants?

For some reason, you have lost a tooth in your mouth (broken, decayed, or extracted) and instead of placing dentures, you can restore the defect with an implant. It is possible to reconstruct one, several adjacent, or all teeth. Implantation can also be performed immediately after tooth extraction (applies mostly to front teeth).

The implant resembles a tooth with a lower root part and an upper part imitating a filed tooth.

The first is the consultation with a dentist-surgeon, who will carefully plan how the procedure will be performed.

X-rays are taken and even in some cases computed tomography. Special 3D programs with images of the skull, jaws, and sinuses better visualize exactly where to place the implants.

If you have high blood pressure or heart disease, it is appropriate to warn the dentist. If you are a smoker, it is good to stop smoking 10 days before the surgery itself. Implantation is a severe intervention during pregnancy, both for the mother’s health and mental state. In the treatment of malignant diseases, implantation is recommended after the end of therapy, because the body is weak.



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Operation and placement stages

A local anesthetic is administered. During the first part of the operation, a metal screw or titanium blade (biocompatible, which integrates well) is placed in the jaw. The implant resembles a tooth with a lower root part and an upper one imitating a filed tooth. After the operation, the root will be integrated into the so-called bone. process of osseointegration. The operation lasts a maximum of about 40-50 minutes and is not painful because you are under anesthesia. If they are frontal (front teeth), it is appropriate to place a temporary bridge. After the operation, it is important not to smoke, and not to bite various objects. Your dentist will advise you whether to brush the operated area or just rinse with antibacterial mouthwash. You will be prescribed painkillers and an antibiotic. After 7-10 days, the sutures are removed.

4-6 months later is the second operation. Once the implants are attached to the bone, the dentist will make a small incision in the gum and remove the implant’s protective screw, replacing it with a metal cap (abutment). A crown, bridge, or prosthesis will be made on it in the dental laboratory. Its purpose is to hold the crown imitating the natural tooth.

There is always the possibility that the implant will not integrate into the bone. If this happens, there is an option to remove them or replace them with wider ones or even remove them until the jaw has healed or completely healed. After some time, an implant can be tried again.

One or two weeks later, the crown, bridge, or prosthesis is placed.

It is very important to choose a dentist when placing an implant because there is a real risk of infection or nerve damage during placement.

The results can be impressive. Aesthetics, function, and speech will be perfectly restored

зъбен имплант

This is what the implant looks like in the bone before the crown is placed.

How to care for implants?

It is recommended to clean lightly, without pressure, with a medium hard brush, after every meal or as usual in the morning and evening. Also, use dental floss (special implant floss is available on the market). Gently clean the gums, teeth, and the structure above the implant in a circular motion. An antibacterial solution is used to rinse – rinse thoroughly for about 1 minute. Do not use toothpicks, metal, or other instruments around the implant. If you experience even the slightest discomfort, bleeding, or shaking around the implant, contact your dentist immediately! After the operation, regular visits to the dentist every 4-6 months are very important. For the success of the placed implants, it is extremely important to follow the listed rules to avoid inflammation. If these occur, an antibiotic may be necessary, and if the inflammation worsens, the bone may melt. In this case, additional ossification around the implant is required.

Advantages of implants:

  • Can be used for over 20 years
  • They are comfortable because they are firmly located in the gum without breaking and falling off
  • Chew and eat very well
  • And of course good self-esteem

Which dentist should I choose to place my implants?

Ask questions, and get informed no matter how many stupid questions pop into your head – everything counts when it comes to your health! The specialist performing the procedure must be experienced. Consult your dentist first, and if of course he does not place implants, let him consult and refer you to a specialist.

Here are some tips:

  • The specialist you choose has been recommended to you
  • Consult two or three specialists
  • When choosing a dentist, ask him for photo material of other patients to gain more information about the final results
  • Inquire in detail about what will be implanted in you and whether there is a certificate for it

What is the cost of implants?

During your first visit, you will be offered options and prices for the complete treatment. The price is determined by the type and number of implants, the surgical procedures (and whether additional bone grafts are required), the doctor’s labor, and the number and type of prosthetic construction on the implants.

Implants or prostheses?

Implants are integrated into the mouth without being removed. They do not “move” but are firmly fixed. When placing a bridge or partial denture, the teeth and gums that “carry” them can be damaged. With implants, this does not exist, because they, like natural teeth, are in their places. Adjacent teeth are not filed, as in cases where we place a bridge. The only downside to implants is the price because their value is several times higher than that of prostheses.

At what age are implants placed?

The lower age limit is 14-16 and there is no upper age limit. Anyone who wishes can do this procedure.

What if you have bruxism?

There is a possibility that if you have such a problem, the pressure that is transmitted during the chewing act on the bone will destroy it. The bone around the implant can reject it, so it is good to treat bruxism before insertion.